Employee involvement can increase employee motivation, as the employee will feel that they are directly contributing to the functioning and success of the organisation. For some decisions employers have a legal duty to inform and involve employees. Employers are not always able to involve all employees in decision making, in this instance a selection of employees will represent the workforce.
It is generally accepted that employee motivation is influenced by the type of work the employee has to do. For example employee motivation will drop if the job involves tedious and repetitive tasks. Job extension can help increase employee motivation. Job enlargement and job enrichment are examples of job extension.
This is increasing the number of tasks that the employee has to complete. The tasks are still at the same level of difficulty as their initial tasks. A variety of tasks should decrease the monotonous and repetitive nature of the job. Job enlargement may also increase the challenge and gives the employee a greater understanding of how they participate in the success of the organisation.
In a job rotation organisation employees are trained so that they can carry out a variety of tasks and responsibilities. Employees trained to do jobs at the same level of difficulty regularly swap jobs. Job rotation will help to decrease boredom as employees are not carrying out the same tasks over a long period. Job rotation will also increase the employee’s understanding of the organisation’s production methods.
Quality circles are a method of motivating a group of workers rather than a single employee. A group of employees will voluntarily meet to discuss work related issues including those connected to quality. It is believed that quality circles in Japanese manufacturing have increased employee productivity and the quality of the product. Quality circles are known to increase the speed at which problems at work can be resolved.